Letter N Firearms Glossary
The National Association for Gun Rights (NAGR) is a gun rights advocacy group in the United States. Headed by Dudley Brown, a long-time gun rights advocate, the National Association for Gun Rights was formed
in 2000 as a grassroots, member-centric organization with a no-compromise approach to gun rights issues through an aggressive strategy.
A bullet not covered by a metal jacket or patch.
The forward portion of a bottlenecked cartridge case. Also the portion of a rifle chamber in which the neck of the cartridge case rests.
Shrinking the neck of an existing cartridge to make it use a bullet of a different caliber. A typical process used in the creation of wildcat cartridges.
Expanding the neck of an existing cartridge to make it use a bullet of a different caliber. A typical process used in the creation of wildcat cartridges.
A needle gun is a bolt-action firearm (the first known type of bolt action rifle) that has a needle-like firing pin, which can pass through fully self-contained (paper) cartridge case to strike a percussion cap at the bullet base.
The first experimental needle gun was designed by Jean Samuel Pauly, a Swiss gunsmith, in 1812.
The first mass-produced needle gun was invented by the German gunsmith Johann Nicolaus von Dreyse, who, beginning in 1824, had conducted multiple experiments, and in 1836 produced the first viable breech loading gun model using a complete cartridge .
The unplanned discharge of a firearm caused by a failure to observe the basic safety rules, not a mechanical failure of the gun.
National Firearms Act of 1934.
Enacted on June 26, 1934, currently codified as amended as I.R.C. ch. 53, is an Act of Congress in the United States that, in general, imposes
a statutory excise tax on the manufacture and transfer of certain firearms and mandates the registration of those firearms.
The Act was passed shortly after the repeal of Prohibition. The NFA is also referred to as Title II of the Federal firearms laws.
The NFA includes:
- Requires the registration of all fully automatic firearms.
- Requires the registration of all "sawed off" rifles and shotguns.
- Requires the registration of firearm silencers.
- Imposes a $200 transfer tax on the above items.
A type of iron sights that glow or shine in the dark, intended for use in low light conditions. Some night sights consist of tiny tubes of tritium, while others use a phosphorus paint.
A small metal tube extending through the breech of a percussion firearm through which the flame passes from the percussion cap to fire the powder charge.
The point of a projectile.
The National Rifle Association. This organization coordinates shooting events on a national level, provides firearms training to civilians and law enforcement,
fights restrictive firearms legislation and supports the constitutional right of law abiding citizens to own and carry firearms.
8 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A semi-automatic is said to be out of battery when the slide fails to come all the way forward again after the
gun has fired. This condition can be created by a misfeed, a dirty gun, weak springs, the shooter's
thumbs brushing against the slide, riding the slide, or any of several other causes.
A shotgun barrel that has a bore diameter increased beyond standard specifications, but less than the SAAMI maximum.
Done in an attempt to reduce felt recoil, improve patterning, or change the balance of the shotgun.
The recurved top part of a semi-automatic handgun's grip at the point where it meets the slide. On long guns, the tang is the top strap used to screw the receiver to the stock.
Barrel tubes built up by twisting alternate strips of iron and steel around a fixed rod (mandrel) and forge-welding them together in varying combinations
according to the intended quality and the skill of the maker. The rod was withdrawn, the interior reamed and the exterior filed until the finished tube was achieved.
Damascus barrels may be recognized by any of a variety of twist or spiral patterns visible in the surface of the steel.
Before the 20th century, barrels were typically built in this manner because gunmakers did not have the technology to drill
a deep hole the full length of a bar of steel without coming out the side.
The part of a revolver that holds cartridges in
separate chambers radially around a central hingepin. The cylinder revolves as
the handgun is cocked, , either to the left or to the right depending on the gun maker's design,
bringing each successive cartridge into position, and
locked into alignment with the barrel for firing.
A double-action semi-automatic firearm which is designed to have a much lighter trigger pull than is usual for a double action.
Abbreviation for Caliber.
A straight-wrist grip, typical on English shotguns, built for graceful aesthetics, light weight and fast handling.