Letter V Firearms Glossary
Usually a rifle, but not always.
A small-caliber firearm or high-powered air gun primarily used for hunting
non-native or non-game animals such as rats, squirrels, gophers, jackrabbits, marmots, groundhogs, porcupine, opossum, coyote, skunks, weasels,
and other animals considered to be nuisance vermin destructive to native or domestic plants and animals.
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994.
It is an act of Congress dealing with crime and law enforcement that became law in 1994.
Of the sections of the bill, it included the Federal Assault Weapons Ban.
The speed at which a projectile travels. Velocity is usually measured in feet per second or metres per second.
17 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The action of moving live cartridges from the magazine of a firearm into the chamber.
A small metal cup that contains a tiny explosive charge that is sensitive to impact.
A primer is placed in the base of a shell casing to ignite the powder of the completed cartridge.
It is detonated by the striking of a firing pin in the firearm.
An oversized, lightweight housing that allows a sub-calibre projectile to be fired in a larger-diameter bore, usually in the interest of increased velocity.
The sabot falls away from the actual projectile upon exiting the muzzle.
For example, a hunter could use his .30-30 deer rifle to shoot small game with .22 centerfire bullets.
A part in a firearm that serves to remove brass cases of fired ammunition after the ammunition has been fired.
When the gun's action cycles, the extractor lifts or removes the spent brass casing from the firing chamber.
The angle of the butt of a gun in relation to the line of sight.
Pitch is measured by resting the gun with its butt flat on a floor, the top of the receiver against a wall and its muzzle pointing up.
The distance of the muzzle from the wall is the gun's pitch down.
Also spelled "+P" or "P+".
Is small arms ammunition that has been loaded to a higher internal pressure than standard for it's caliber.
Many calibers are available in both standard and +p or +p+ variants. Ammunition marked +p produces more power
and higher pressures than the standard ammunition. Not all firearms are designed to handle the increased
pressure consult your owner's manual or gun manufacturer before using +P ammunition.
A state of readiness of a firearm. The hammer (or similar mechanism if there is no hammer) only needs to be released by the trigger to cause the gun to fire.
Slang for eye protection. Referes to either goggles or safety glasses
A muzzle flash is the visible light of a muzzle blast, which expels high temperature, high pressure gases from the muzzle of a firearm.
The blast and flash are caused by the combustion products of the gunpowder, and any remaining unburned powder,
mixing with the ambient air. The size and shape of the muzzle flash is dependent on the type of ammunition being
used and the individual characteristics of firearm and any devices attached to the muzzle (such as a muzzle brake or flash suppressor)
A type of machine gun or autocannon that uses an external source of power to cycle the firearm.
Abbreviation for Cartridge Overall Length.
More correctly a "rifled slug" or "shotgun slug." An individual cylindrical projectile designed to be discharged from a shotgun. The term is often incorrectly used to mean a Bullet.
A type of expanding bullet with a concavity in its nose to increase expansion on penetration of a solid target.
Some hollow-point's are also designed to fragment as they expand. They are least likely to
over-penetrate the target and harm an innocent bystander. Commonly used for self-defense.
Generally refers to a .32 calibre or smaller firearm.
A flashbang holster is a type of holster for women that allows the firearm to sit horizontally tucked under the bra band.
As the gun is pulled straight down, the clamshell opens up and permits the wearer to draw.
It is named a flashbang because the wearer hash to pull up their shirt (flash) to draw the gun out of the holster, then shoot (bang).
These holsters have become very popular with women that conceal carry since the firearms is neatly hidden under the breast line in clothing
and does not require the wearer to stay latched onto a purse or have to deal with the inconviences that come with inside the waist band carry
A firearm that has had numerous careful machining cuts
taken in its exterior with a view to exposing and demonstrating the functioning
of critical parts of its mechanism
A description of a bullet whose forward diameter has expanded after penetration.