The Definition of Bolt Action
A type of firearm action in which the guns's bolt is operated manually by the opening and closing of the breech (barrel) with a small handle.
As the handle is operated, the bolt is unlocked, the breech is opened, the spent shell casing is withdrawn and ejected,
the firing pin is cocked, and finally a new round/shell (if available) is placed into the breech and the bolt closed.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A internal locking device built into a firearm, usually operated with a key, to render it unable to be fired. A good example of a internal trigger lock are the ones found on the
semi-automatic pistols manufactured by Bersa.
A soft appendage, usually of some kind of rubber, often fitted to the butt end of a shoulder-mounted firearm to reduce the sensation of recoil.
A recoil pad has the additional benefit of being less vulnerable to damage than a checkered wood butt or a brittle horn or plastic buttplate.
A cable with a padlock at the end. It is threaded through the action of the firearm rendering the gun safe and useless until the lock is removed.
The propellant powder used in modern ammunition. It is not an explosive, but rather a flammable solid that burns extremely rapidly releasing a
large volume of gas. Commonly called "gunpowder" and usually made from nitrocellulose, or nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin.
It is classified as a "Flammable Solid" by the Department of Transportation.
The second article in the United States Bill of Rights which states,
"A well regulated militia being necessary for a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed."
The part in the breech mechanism that locks the action against the firing of the cartridge.
Abbreviation for Close Quarters Combat.
Slang term for a firearm sound suppressor.
The firing mechanism of a break-open gun which may be removed for inspection or cleaning without the use of tools.
The release latch may be plainly visible or concealed. A feature typically seen on sidelock guns but also on the Westley Richards "droplock" boxlock action.
An imaginary straight line through the centre of the bore of a firearm extending to infinity.
A set of holes in a target left by a succession of bullets fired from the same rifle or handgun,
using the same ammunition and sight setting. Fired (within the limits of one's marksmanship ability)
to determine the inherent accuracy of the rifle/ammunition combination,
and to aid in the proper adjustment of the sights.
The "packaged" components that are needed in order to fire in a case or shell holding a primer,
(which produces the spark) a charge of propellant (gunpowder) and a projectile (bullets, slug or pellets.)
Sometimes called "fixed ammunition" to differentiate from the individual components placed separately in muzzleloaders.
A single unit of ammunition in modern firearms is called a cartridge. The units of measure for quantity of ammunition is rounds.
There are hundreds of sizes of ammunition, examples include .223 Remington, 9mm Luger, 30.06, .308 Winchester,
.300 Winchester Magnum, and .50 Browning Machine Gun (BMG). The ammunition used must match the firearm.
The forward portion of a bottlenecked cartridge case. Also the portion of a rifle chamber in which the neck of the cartridge case rests.
A short stock, often ideally sized for teenagers, average-sized adult women, and small-statured adult males.
A series of projections on the bolt of a firearm designed to fit into corresponding slots in the receiver to lock the action in closed position for firing.
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