The Definition of Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF, BATF, and BATFE) is a federal law enforcement organization within the United States Department of Justice. Its responsibilities include the investigation and prevention of federal offenses involving the unlawful use, manufacture, and possession of firearms and explosives; acts of arson and bombings; and illegal trafficking of alcohol and tobacco products. The ATF also regulates via licensing the sale, possession, and transportation of firearms, ammunition, and explosives in interstate commerce. Many of ATF's activities are carried out in conjunction with task forces made up of state and local law enforcement officers, such as Project Safe Neighborhoods. ATF operates a unique fire research laboratory in Beltsville, Maryland, where full-scale mock-ups of criminal arson can be reconstructed.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
Most firearms do not have literal batteries. But a firearm is said to be in battery when the breech is fully closed and locked,
ready to fire. When the breech is open or unlocked, the gun is out of battery and no attempt should be made to fire it.
A semi-automatic is out of battery when the slide fails to come all the way forward again after the gun has fired, making it
dangerous or impossible to fire the next round. This condition can be created by a misfeed, a dirty gun, weak springs,
the shooter's thumbs brushing against the slide, riding the slide, or any of several other causes.
Any type of accessory that can be attached to a firearm's rail.
A barrel without rifling. Smooth bore barrels are commonly used in shotguns and in large bore artillery that fire fin stabilized projectiles.
A needle gun is a bolt-action firearm (the first known type of bolt action rifle) that has a needle-like firing pin, which can pass through fully self-contained (paper) cartridge case to strike a percussion cap at the bullet base.
The first experimental needle gun was designed by Jean Samuel Pauly, a Swiss gunsmith, in 1812.
The first mass-produced needle gun was invented by the German gunsmith Johann Nicolaus von Dreyse, who, beginning in 1824, had conducted multiple experiments, and in 1836 produced the first viable breech loading gun model using a complete cartridge .
A device fitted inside the buttstock of a heavily-recoiling gun or rifle, usually containing mercury and a valve.
As the gun recoils, the mercury is displaced temporarily, increasing the duration, and thus diminishing the
perceived impact of the recoil. The added half-pound of weight doesn't hurt either.
A description of a bullet whose forward diameter has expanded after penetration.
A musket shortened for cavalry use.
Hearing protection that completely covers both ears and is usually attached to a headband.
A plain, functional, unembellished firearm used to hunt in rough terrain where one might prefer not to put a more expensive, deluxe grade gun at risk of damage.
A small orifice at the breech end of the barrel of a muzzle-loading firearm through which the exploding priming charge is conducted from the flash pan to the main charge.
The interchangeable surfaces that are installed on the part of the gun that you hold.
Users change grip panels to improve the look or feel of the firearm, or to personalize it so that the gun is more suited
to a different hand size. Some grip panels are chosen for function, while others are chosen for looks. Common grip-panel materials are wood, plastic, and rubber.
Not really a gun at all. During the U.S. Civil War,
both sides would take tree branches or tree trunks, paint them black, and position them so that they appeared to be rifles or artillery pieces.
By doing so, they could fool the other side into believing that they had more artillery than they really did.
A wildcat cartridge, or wildcat, is a custom cartridge for which ammunition and/or firearms are not mass-produced.
These cartridges are often created in order to optimize a certain performance characteristic (such as the power, size or efficiency) of an existing commercial cartridge.
Developing and using wildcat cartridges does not generally serve a purpose in military or law enforcement;
it is more a hobby for serious shooting, hunting, gunsmithing and handloading enthusiasts, particularly in the United States.
There are potentially endless amounts of different kinds of wildcat cartridges: one source of gunsmithing equipment has a library of over
6,000 different wildcat cartridges for which they produce equipment such as chamber reamers.
A unit of adjustment for a sight.
The original small single-shot or multi-barreled pocket pistol designed and manufactured by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia.
Derringers (spelled with two Rs) are called that because of the original desinger and anmufactuturer of that
type of gun, Henry Deringer. To get around copyright infringment other designers and manufacturers spell the name with two Rs.
However guns designed and built by Deringer are spelled with only one R
Same as Follower. A plate, mounted to the top of a spring, inside a magazine, over which cartridges may slide smoothly as they are guided into the chamber of a repeating firearm.
Targets that do something when you hit them, such as fall over, burst, send up smoke, or make a noise.
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