The Definition of Luger
American name for the German "Parabellum" semiautomatic pistol introduced in 1900.
The Parabellum was designed by Georg Luger, and based on the earlier Borchardt pistol.
The official German military nomenclature was "Pistole '08" or "Po8." At first, it was chambered for the 7.65mm Parabellum round.
Soon, it was modified to use the 9mm Parabellum cartridge, which is what most people refer to today when talking about a 9mm cartridge.
"Luger" is now a trademark owned by the Stoeger Arms Co.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A system of firearms ignition, in general use circa 1660 - 1825, whereby the pull of a trigger releases a sear from a notch in a spring-loaded hammer,
which holding a properly knapped piece of flint, strikes a vertical slab of steel (called a frizzen) scraping off tiny molten particles of the steel,
and pushing it forward causes an integral flashpan cover to open forward, exposing a bit of fine gunpowder below, which when contacted by the falling sparks,
ignites and sends a flash of fire through the touchhole, into the loaded breech setting off the main charge and firing the gun.
The Flintlock system was supplanted by the Percussion system around 1820.
A bolt-action designed by Browning firearms.
The x-bolt action features a short 60° bolt lift. So it is fast cycling and allows working the bolt quicker without the scope getting in the way.
A phenomenon which is often grouped with hammer bite. In this case the web of the shooting hand is cut or abraded by
the rearward motion of the semi-automatic pistol's slide, not by the gun's hammer.
This most often occurs with small pistols like the Walther PPK and Walther TPH that have an abbreviated grip tang.
This problem is exacerbated by the sharp machining found on many firearms.
The accumulation of unwanted material on solid surfaces. The fouling material can consist of either powder, lubrication residue, or bullet material such as lead or copper.
An armor-piercing shell must withstand the shock of punching through armor plating. Shells designed for this purpose
have a greatly strengthened case with a specially hardened and shaped nose,
and a much smaller bursting charge.
The small lever on a cartridge firearm, which one pulls to cause the spring-loaded firing pin to impact the primer, causing the gun to discharge.
Normally, the trigger simply connects to the sear. Pulling the trigger moves the sear out of its notch, releasing the spring-loaded hammer
to strike the firing pin which in turn strikes the primer; or the coilspring-loaded firing pin directly. Other, often-Germanic systems have their own
miniature lockwork which, when cocked, allows an exceedingly light trigger pull to discharge the firearm, a setting that would be perilous to carry in the field.
A metal surface which contains a pattern of ridges or beads.
The rear end of the barrel into which the cartridge is inserted
A small single-shot or multi-barreled pocket pistol. Derringers (spelled with two Rs) are called that because of the original desinger and anmufactuturer of that
type of gun, Henry Deringer. To get around copyright infringment other designers and manufacturers spell the name with two Rs.
Firearms which are of special interest to collectors by reason of some quality
other than is associated with firearms intended for sporting use or as offensive or
defensive weapons. To be recognized as curios or relics, firearms must fall within one of
the following categories:
A special Curios or Relics license is available from the BATF, which allows collectors to buy eligible firearms in interstate commerce.
- Firearms which were manufactured at least 50 years prior to the current date, but not
including replicas thereof;
- Firearms which are certified by the curator of a municipal, State, or Federal museum
which exhibits firearms to be curios or relics of museum interest; and
- Any other firearms which derive a substantial part of their monetary value from the fact
that they are novel, rare, bizarre, or because of their association with some historical
figure, period, or event. Proof of qualification of a particular firearm under this
category may be established by evidence of present value and evidence that like firearms
are not available except as collector's items, or that the value of like firearms
available in ordinary channels is substantially less.
A shotgun term which refers to the manner in which the pellets spread out as they exit the gun.
"The pattern" refers to the overall shape of the entire set. A tight pattern is one in which the pellets are closely grouped when they land on target.
A loose pattern is one in which the pellets are widely spread.
The propellant powder used in modern ammunition. It is not an explosive, but rather a flammable solid that burns extremely rapidly releasing a
large volume of gas. Commonly called "gunpowder" and usually made from nitrocellulose, or nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin.
It is classified as a "Flammable Solid" by the Department of Transportation.
An economical method of bringing new life to a damaged pair of barrels, regardless of their original method of jointing.
The ribs are removed. The barrels are cut off 3" - 4" from the breech end and discarded. The bores of the remaining breech-end are reamed out oversize.
New tubes are fitted down into the original breech section and filed down to fit flush. The original ribs are then replaced. Sleeving is considerably less expensive than building a completely new set of barrels. Much of the time required to build a set of barrels is concentrated in the fitting of the breech end to the receiver; this work is salvaged through sleeving. Sleeving can be recognized by a pair of circumferential lines around the barrels a few inches from the breech; the more invisible, the finer the job. A sleeved gun should always be identified as such amongst the proof marks, and if done in England must be properly reproofed. Photo
Sleeving is not the same thing as Monoblocking.
The small dished container located on the side or top of a matchlock, wheel-lock or flintlock forearm used to hold the priming powder charge.
A popular term for a short barreled repeating shotgun as frequently used in law enforcement and personal protection.
The point at which you are aiming the firearm at.
A description of a bullet whose forward diameter has expanded after penetration.