The Definition of Luger
American name for the German "Parabellum" semiautomatic pistol introduced in 1900.
The Parabellum was designed by Georg Luger, and based on the earlier Borchardt pistol.
The official German military nomenclature was "Pistole '08" or "Po8." At first, it was chambered for the 7.65mm Parabellum round.
Soon, it was modified to use the 9mm Parabellum cartridge, which is what most people refer to today when talking about a 9mm cartridge.
"Luger" is now a trademark owned by the Stoeger Arms Co.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A shotgun shooting sport that combines elements of skeet and trap, and that is designed to simulate field conditions.
A variety of pneumatic gun that propels projectiles by means of compressed air or other gas, in contrast to firearms, which use a propellant charge.
Both the rifle and pistol forms (air rifle and air pistol) typically propel metallic projectiles, either pellets, or BBs. Certain types of air guns, usually rifles, may also propel arrows.
A shooting sport that combines both skiing and rifle shooting. It is the only shooting activity in the Winter Olympics.
There is also a summer biathlon which involves running and shooting but it is not yet an Olympic event.
An external, manual safety which is typically disengaged with the firing-hand thumb.
A felt, paper, cardboard or plastic disk that is used in a shotshell. Also in muzzle loading, a piece of cloth used to seal the bullet in the barrel. It's purpose and function is the same as a shotgun wad.
Firearms which are of special interest to collectors by reason of some quality
other than is associated with firearms intended for sporting use or as offensive or
defensive weapons. To be recognized as curios or relics, firearms must fall within one of
the following categories:
A special Curios or Relics license is available from the BATF, which allows collectors to buy eligible firearms in interstate commerce.
- Firearms which were manufactured at least 50 years prior to the current date, but not
including replicas thereof;
- Firearms which are certified by the curator of a municipal, State, or Federal museum
which exhibits firearms to be curios or relics of museum interest; and
- Any other firearms which derive a substantial part of their monetary value from the fact
that they are novel, rare, bizarre, or because of their association with some historical
figure, period, or event. Proof of qualification of a particular firearm under this
category may be established by evidence of present value and evidence that like firearms
are not available except as collector's items, or that the value of like firearms
available in ordinary channels is substantially less.
Barrel tubes built up by twisting alternate strips of iron and steel around a fixed rod (mandrel) and forge-welding them together in varying combinations
according to the intended quality and the skill of the maker. The rod was withdrawn, the interior reamed and the exterior filed until the finished tube was achieved.
Damascus barrels may be recognized by any of a variety of twist or spiral patterns visible in the surface of the steel.
Before the 20th century, barrels were typically built in this manner because gunmakers did not have the technology to drill
a deep hole the full length of a bar of steel without coming out the side.
A firearm is said to be on safe when its safety is engaged and off safe when it is ready to fire.
The power of a projectile or a load of shot at the point that it exits the muzzle of a firearm, normally expressed in foot-pounds.
Being aware of and responsible of which direction your firearm is pointed at all times, and always keeping it pointed in a safe direction.
A 1/60th part of a degree, the unit of measure used in adjusting rifle sights.
As it turns out conveniently, a minute of angle translates almost exactly to one inch at 100 yards
(actually 1.047 inches), to two inches at 200 yards and three inches at 300 yards
The chemical propellant which is burned to produce the hot gases which send the projectile flying downrange.
The original small single-shot or multi-barreled pocket pistol designed and manufactured by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia.
Derringers (spelled with two Rs) are called that because of the original desinger and anmufactuturer of that
type of gun, Henry Deringer. To get around copyright infringment other designers and manufacturers spell the name with two Rs.
However guns designed and built by Deringer are spelled with only one R
A mounting point on a small arm that allows a bayonet or other accessory to be attached.
A pair of slender and easily-carried wooden dowels or sticks, which when held, crossed, in the fingers of the left hand while also supporting the forend of a rifle,
usually shooting offhand, provides somewhat enhanced stability for a more accurate shot.
The act of setting up a telescopic or other sighting system so that the point of impact of a bullet matches the sights at a specified distance.
A shotgun shooting sport in which the competitors attempt to break aerial targets directed toward them or crossing in front of them from different angles and elevations. It is an Olympic shooting sport.
The substance which imparts movement to the projectile in a firearm. In a firearm, usually powder. In an airgun the propellant is air or Co2