The Definition of Luger
American name for the German "Parabellum" semiautomatic pistol introduced in 1900.
The Parabellum was designed by Georg Luger, and based on the earlier Borchardt pistol.
The official German military nomenclature was "Pistole '08" or "Po8." At first, it was chambered for the 7.65mm Parabellum round.
Soon, it was modified to use the 9mm Parabellum cartridge, which is what most people refer to today when talking about a 9mm cartridge.
"Luger" is now a trademark owned by the Stoeger Arms Co.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
An imaginary straight line through the centre of the bore of a firearm extending to infinity.
A catch built into the receiver of a break-open gun to keep the toplever in its extreme right position when the barrels are removed.
This device makes it slightly easier to remount the barrels. As the barrels are mounted and the breech closed,
the barrels contact some kind of release pin (marked with the arrow) and the toplever automatically returns
to the center locked position. Because, however, it requires a separate act to find and to depress this tiny
tab to re-center the toplever on a broken-down gun, this feature may be irritating when trying to put a gun away in its case.
The tapered rear end of a bullet. This design is used to increase ballistic efficiency at long range.
A chemical phosphate process developed during the second world war to provide an economical, durable and non-reflective surface finish to military firearms.
A trigger that can be easily adjusted by the user. Adjustable triggers are common on specialized target-shooting firearms.
A small metal explosive-filled cup which is placed over the nipple of a percussion firearm. As the cap is struck by the hammer, it explodes and sends a flame through the flashhole in the nipple to the main powder charge.
Abbreviation for Concealed Carry License.
A system of firearms ignition, in general use circa 1660 - 1825, whereby the pull of a trigger releases a sear from a notch in a spring-loaded hammer,
which holding a properly knapped piece of flint, strikes a vertical slab of steel (called a frizzen) scraping off tiny molten particles of the steel,
and pushing it forward causes an integral flashpan cover to open forward, exposing a bit of fine gunpowder below, which when contacted by the falling sparks,
ignites and sends a flash of fire through the touchhole, into the loaded breech setting off the main charge and firing the gun.
The Flintlock system was supplanted by the Percussion system around 1820.
A barrel without rifling. Smooth bore barrels are commonly used in shotguns and in large bore artillery that fire fin stabilized projectiles.
A concept created by eminent gun writer Col. Jeff Cooper. A scout rifle, generally, is a bolt action carbine firing a
medium power round suitable for taking large game (e.g., .308), fitted with a long eye-relief telescopic sight mounted on the barrel, and a back up set of iron sights.
There are a lot of different competitions and other games which involve firearms. These are all referred to collectively as the shooting sports.
A felt, paper, cardboard or plastic disk that is used in a shotshell. Also in muzzle loading, a piece of cloth used to seal the bullet in the barrel. It's purpose and function is the same as a shotgun wad.
The cut-away, concave portions of the rifling inside the barrel of a firearm discharging a single projectile.In other words, the lower portion of rifling.
The amount of rearward force exerted by the propellant gases on the bolt or breech of a firearm action or breech when a projectile is fired.
The applied force has both magnitude and direction, making it a vector quantity. This is also known as
Bolt Thrust on firearms that are Bolt Action
A 1/60th part of a degree, the unit of measure used in adjusting rifle sights.
As it turns out conveniently, a minute of angle translates almost exactly to one inch at 100 yards
(actually 1.047 inches), to two inches at 200 yards and three inches at 300 yards
One of the three major dismountable components of a break-open gun (the others being the barrel(s) and the action/buttstock)
which secures the barrels to the receiver, often houses the ejector mechanism, and for some, provides a handle for the one's secondary hand.
A malfunction in which the spent case fails to eject from a semi-automatic firearm and blocks the chamber.
As the fresh round is brought forward it cannot enter the chamber. It is cleared by
stripping the magazine from the gun, racking the slide several times to eject the spent case, and then reloading.
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