The Definition of Sectional Density
The relationship between a bullet's weight and its diameter. A long bullet, such as the original 7.62x54R
loading for the Mosin Nagant 91/30, will have a high sectional density and consequently greater
penetration than a shorter bullet of similar construction. A shorter bullet with less sectional
density will have relatively less penetration, but greater knockdown power.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A metal plate on which the firing mechanism is mounted on percussion and earlier firearms.
The device that aids the eye in aiming the barrel of a firearm in the proper direction to hit a target.They can be a mechanical, optical,
or electronic device. Iron sights or sometimes as open sights, consist of specially-shaped pieces of metal placed at each end of the barrel.
The sight closest to the muzzle end of the gun is called the front sight,
while the one farthest from the muzzle (and nearest to the shooter) is called the rear sight.
A compartment built into the buttstock of a long gun,
usually with a hinged cover, in which are drilled holes deep enough to hold
several spare cartridges of the type suitable for use in the specific gun.
More commonly known as WSM, it is a family of centerfire cartridges designed by Winchester Repeating Arms Company
A short, lightweight rifle. Some are small enough for a young child to easily handle, while others are large enough to perfectly suit teenagers, average-sized adult women, and small-statured adult males.
A highly sensitive explosive used as a primer compound.
The act of setting up a telescopic or other sighting system so that the point of impact of a bullet matches the sights at a specified distance.
A type of expanding bullet with a concavity in its nose to increase expansion on penetration of a solid target.
Some hollow-point's are also designed to fragment as they expand. They are least likely to
over-penetrate the target and harm an innocent bystander. Commonly used for self-defense.
A soft appendage, usually of some kind of rubber, often fitted to the butt end of a shoulder-mounted firearm to reduce the sensation of recoil.
A recoil pad has the additional benefit of being less vulnerable to damage than a checkered wood butt or a brittle horn or plastic buttplate.
Slang word for short barreled revolver.
A shotgun, generally stocked to shoot where it is pointed and of relatively light weight because one often carries it a great distance for upland birds,
the consequent recoil not being an important factor because one actually shoots it very little.
A shooting position in which one or both knees are touching the ground, but the shooter is otherwise erect.
A semi-automatic pistol in which the barrel and breechblock are locked together for only a short distance of rearward recoil travel,
at which point the two are uncoupled, the barrel is stopped and the breechblock continues rearward, extracting the spent casing from the chamber.
Upon returning forward, the breechblock chambers a fresh round and forces the barrel back into its forward position.
Most modern recoil operated semi-automatic pistols use short recoil.
Abbreviation for Close Quarters Combat.
The cross-shaped object seen in the center of a firearm scope. Its more-proper name is reticle.
The hinged cover over the opening through which cartridges are inserted into the magazine.
Also known as Gun Powder.
A mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate. It burns rapidly, producing a volume of hot gas made up of carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen, and a solid residue of potassium sulfide.
Because of its burning properties and the amount of heat and gas volume that it generates, gunpowder has been widely used as a propellant in firearms and as a
pyrotechnic composition in fireworks.
Modern firearms do not use the traditional black powder described here, but instead use smokeless powder.
Generally refers to the stock and fore-end of a rifle. Can sometimes also be applied to any detachable accessories like a flashlight.
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