The Definition of Shotgun Shell
The cartridge for a shotgun. It is also called a "shell," and its body is usually made of plastic (metal shotgun shells are very rare, paper shotgun shells are extinct)
with a metal head.
Small shotshells are also made for rifles and handguns and are often used for vermin control.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A system of firearms ignition, in general use circa 1660 - 1825, whereby the pull of a trigger releases a sear from a notch in a spring-loaded hammer,
which holding a properly knapped piece of flint, strikes a vertical slab of steel (called a frizzen) scraping off tiny molten particles of the steel,
and pushing it forward causes an integral flashpan cover to open forward, exposing a bit of fine gunpowder below, which when contacted by the falling sparks,
ignites and sends a flash of fire through the touchhole, into the loaded breech setting off the main charge and firing the gun.
The Flintlock system was supplanted by the Percussion system around 1820.
An attachment to or integral part of the barrel that redirects some of the pressurized gas that propelled the bullet out
the muzzle to the sides and possibly rearwards from the direction of the bullet travel. This reduces the recoil of the firearm.
The paper filler at the rear of the powder charge of the shotgun shell.
The National Association for Gun Rights (NAGR) is a gun rights advocacy group in the United States. Headed by Dudley Brown, a long-time gun rights advocate, the National Association for Gun Rights was formed
in 2000 as a grassroots, member-centric organization with a no-compromise approach to gun rights issues through an aggressive strategy.
A rib extension on a break-open gun, ending in a circular or semi-circular shape in plan (resembling the head of a doll),
mating into a similarly-shaped recess in the top of the receiver, designed to resist the tendency of
the barrels to pull away from the standing breech when firing.
Because an action's centerpoint of flexing when firing is at the base of the standing breech, not at the hingepin, a passive doll's
head extension makes an effective extra fastener, even without additional mechanical locks operated by the opening lever.
The setting on the sights of a firearm that controls the vertical placement and the altitude above mean sea level.
This is important for long range precision shooting because the air density changes with elevation and affects the path of the bullet.
A person who can shoot up to the mechanical capability of their weapon.
A popular but imprecise term used to refer to the ability of a small arms cartridge to cause a human assailant or an animal to be immediately incapacitated when shot with it. A more precise term is be Wound Trauma Incapacitation (WTI).
An inert ammunition-shaped object, used in practice to simulate misfeeds and other malfunctions. Some folks also use them during dry fire practice to cushion the firing pin as it strikes.
Firearms which are of special interest to collectors by reason of some quality
other than is associated with firearms intended for sporting use or as offensive or
defensive weapons. To be recognized as curios or relics, firearms must fall within one of
the following categories:
A special Curios or Relics license is available from the BATF, which allows collectors to buy eligible firearms in interstate commerce.
- Firearms which were manufactured at least 50 years prior to the current date, but not
including replicas thereof;
- Firearms which are certified by the curator of a municipal, State, or Federal museum
which exhibits firearms to be curios or relics of museum interest; and
- Any other firearms which derive a substantial part of their monetary value from the fact
that they are novel, rare, bizarre, or because of their association with some historical
figure, period, or event. Proof of qualification of a particular firearm under this
category may be established by evidence of present value and evidence that like firearms
are not available except as collector's items, or that the value of like firearms
available in ordinary channels is substantially less.
The vise-like device on a flintlock hammer used to hold the flint.
The NRA teaches the Three Basic Rules of Safe Gun Handling.
There are additional rules, but these are the three that if any two are followed, nobody will be hurt. However, obviously, all three should
always be followed.
Rule One: ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
The NRA established these three rules in 1871. They were created to be easy to understand and remember,
ensuring the highest possible level of firearm safety.
Rule Two: ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.
Rule Three: ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready to use.
See also The Four Rules
A rod, for loading and/or cleaning a muzzle-loading
firearm (usually a pistol) that is permanently connected to the gun by some sort
of swivel, so as to be easily utilized, but never lost.
A rifle with a relatively short barrel.
Usually referred to as a Kentucky Long Rifle or simply Longrifle, the Kentucky Rifle is a flintlock rifle with a long barrel and short, crooked stock. It is widely believed to be a largely unique development of American rifles that was uncommon in European rifles of the same period.
The Kentucky Long Rifleis an early example of a firearm using rifling, (spiral grooves in the bore). This gave the projectile, commonly a round lead ball, a spiraling motion, increasing the stability of the trajectory.
Rifled firearms saw their first major combat usage in the American colonies during the Seven Years war, and later the American Revolution in the eighteenth century.
Also spelled "+P" or "P+".
Is small arms ammunition that has been loaded to a higher internal pressure than standard for it's caliber.
Many calibers are available in both standard and +p or +p+ variants. Ammunition marked +p produces more power
and higher pressures than the standard ammunition. Not all firearms are designed to handle the increased
pressure consult your owner's manual or gun manufacturer before using +P ammunition.
Any safety, internal or external, which functions apart from the shooter's conscious control. Grip safeties are one example of a passive external safety.